Diesel Heater

Well with travelling south in the winter (something we swore we would never do) we decided a diesel heater would be a good option for the colder nights.. I looked around and with the size of the van decided on a 5kw unit, though in hindsight a 2kw would probably have been sufficient. However we also then thought we could open the windows into the Annexe and let the heat into there as well!

So first off I hunted around and after a lot of reading decided on a Chinese version from ebay. Price was really cheap, $140 delivered for a 5kw unit from HCalory, there were no 2kw units available from anywhere on ebay at the time. However on looking they had ‘upgraded’ the fuel line to a green soft tubing rather than the correct white hard lines. The hard lines are required from the pump to the heater to allow the fuel to spurt forcefully onto the glow plug, assisting in the burn process. So I bought 5m of that too..

UPDATE AFTER A FEW MONTHS: Yes, 5kw it too big for a 21ft van unless regularly in sub 0 temperatures. With the outside temp around 5°, heater set to minimum it maintained 24°. I changed it to thermostat mode and set to 18°, was still holding 24° when we went to bed. By 4 am it had dropped to around -2° outside and the heater on thermostat mode kicked up from low to medium for the first time. That lasted about 20 minutes, then again around 6am when it had dropped to -4° outside it kicked up again to medium speed. A 2kw unit may have gone to a higher setting to maintain the temp, but would also allow for a comfortable 18° to 20° inside when its between 0°and 10° outside. The 5kw is simply too large for a 21ft van unless in the snow all the time – would be lovely like that!

The Installation:

Space was a premium in the van and after looking around at all options I settled on the left side under the bed. I had to have the main body a fair way back so the piping through floor was in front and clear of the water tanks and framework. The hole through the floor I drilled out at 100mm and used a 100mm galvanised tin downpipe adapter from Bunnings, glued to the floor with heat resistant silicone. This allows the pipes to protrude through easily with room to access them if needed.

The bottom plate was held to this heater with 6mm studs and nuts, leaving the thread sticking out and in the way of the hose clamps holding the intake and exhaust hoses in place. I had some 6mm stainless steel bolts on hand the right length (total coincidence) and used them instead. This made access to the hose clamps easier.

To cover the heater, I bought two 900×200 shelf panels from Bunnings and a strip of 20x20mm to attach them. I left the end behind the heater open to allow plenty of airflow in to it. As the bed does not seal against the wooden frame there was no need to add additional venting.

The electrics are run down through the floor then directly to the battery through the supplied 15amp fuse, with a switch installed near the heater to shut it off completely over the summer months. The switch is still just sitting behind the heater, I will find a recessed mount for it one day and put it through the side wall so I don’t have to lift the bed to turn it on/off. The switch must be hard to access though, as you do not want to accidentally turn off power whilst its still running (heater has to go through a proper shut down process that takes around 5 minutes, cooling it down properly. Shutting off the power may cause the casing to overheat and damage the controller electronics mounted to the case.

From the outside the end result is barely noticeable, with just the vent poking out the base of the bed and the controller on the side cupboards.

The fuel tank supplied is the typical flat 10 L white plastic. Most people advise these are pretty flimsy and deteriorate in the sun from UV fairly quickly. So I decided on mounting a dual Jerry can holder up the back (partly to help balance out the bikes up the front!) and used one of them as the fuel tank, the other spare diesel for the car or the heater

I used the supplied green fuel line from the tank to the pump, mounting the pump about midway on the van, then the hard white tuning from the pump to the heater. The hard line is held in place with cable tie mounts on the frame, foam around the tubing then a cable tie. The foam stops the tubing pulsating against the frame and helps to reduce the ticking sound. After running a few nights recently, the pump will be removed and encased in foam, then a strap around the foam mounted back to the frame. The rubber sound isolator does absolutely nothing to reduce the clunking sound reverberating through the van!

Power and fuel cables were pre made from the factory, so I cut them to push through the small holes in the floor, then joined them to new cabling as both were too short. The fuel pump is not polarity sensitive, so uses unmarked twin black wires. Power cable if extending, make sure to use heavy duty cable to reduce power dropping. The unit will draw around 10 to 12 amps while starting when the glow plug is powered. Small gauge cable will cause a voltage drop and the heater may shut down indicating low battery.

Testing was done in Summer, on a 37 Deg C day… So I had all the windows and roof vents wide open and cranked it up. It took a while to fire up, 3 goes in fact then off it went. As the temp started to rise, heavy QLD rain set in and I had to madly close everything up. So now I was in a hot and humid van with a diesel heater cranking! You can’t just turn them off either, they need to go through a shut down procedure (automated) where it first stops the fuel coming in but keeps running until the internal temperature drops below 60 deg C, this takes over 5 minutes. As you can imagine I looked like I had been in a sauna by the time it was complete!

Well, now we are in Victoria and looks like it will get a workout over the coming month or two as we make our way across to Adelaide early May then up the centre.

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4 Responses

  1. Sally says:

    Thanks Dave, we’re thinking of purchasing one ourselves especially being in Vic…brerrrr 😁

  2. Nathan says:

    Hi Dave, could I ask how you have attached your twin jerry can holder

    • Dave says:

      Hey Nathan, I used some square U Bolts from Bunnings. From memory they were 100mm and the bar is 90mm and they came with a strap which isn’t really thick/strong enough but has worked perfectly (I did mean to replace the strap but never got around to it). The bolts are inserted from the inside as close to the outer edges as possible and one as close to the centre as possible. That way it’s smooth on the inside and plenty of clearance to the jerry cans as the nuts are on the other side of the bumper bar.

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